Routino : Software

Routino Introduction

Routino is an application for finding a route between two points using the dataset of topographical information collected by

Starting from the raw OpenStreetMap data (in the form of the '.osm' XML files available on the internet) a custom database is generated that contains the information useful for routing. With this database and two points specified by latitude and longitude an optimum route (either shortest or quickest) is determined. The route is calculated for OpenStreetMap highways (roads, paths etc) using one of the common forms of transport defined in OpenStreetMap (foot, bicycle, horse, motorcar, motorcycle etc).

When processing the OpenStreetMap data the types of highways are recorded and these set default limits on the types of traffic allowed. More specific information about permissions for different types of transport are also recorded as are maximum speed limits. Further restrictions like one-way streets, weight, height, width and length limits are also included where specified. Additionally a set of properties of each highway are also recorded. The processing of the input file is controlled by a configuration file which determines the information that is used.

When calculating a route the type of transport to be used is taken into account to ensure that the known restrictions are followed. Each of the different highway types can further be allowed or disallowed depending on preferences. For each type of highway a default speed limit is defined (although the actual speed used will be the lowest of the default and any specified in the original data). To make use of the information about restrictions the weight, height, width and length of the transport can also be specified. Further preferences about road properties (e.g. paved or not) can also be selected. The simplest type of turn restrictions (those formed from an initial way, a node and a second way) are also obeyed.

The result of calculating the route can be presented in several different ways. An HTML file can be produced that contains a description of the route to take with instructions for each of the important junctions. The contents of the file are created based on a set of translations specified in a configuration file. The route is also available in a GPX (GPS eXchange) XML format. format file containing either every point and highway segment (a track file) or just a waypoint and translated instructions for the important junctions (a route file). Additionally there are two plain text files that contain all data points or just the important ones (intended for debugging and further processing).

One of the design aims of Routino was to make the software are flexible as possible in selecting routing preferences but also have a sensible set of default values. Another design aim was that finding the optimum route should be very fast and most of the speed increases come from the carefully chosen and optimised data format.


The route that is calculated by this software is only as good as the input data.

Routino comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY for the software itself or the route that is calculated by it.


A live demonstration of the router for the UK is available in both OpenLayers and Leaflet versions:

The source code download available below also includes a set of files that can be used to create your own interactive map.

The interactive map is made possible by use of the OpenLayers or Leaflet Javascript library from or


A full set of documentation is available that describes how to install and use the programs as well as what should go in the configuration files and how it works.


Version 1.0 of Routino was released on 8th April 2009.
Version 1.1 of Routino was released on 13th June 2009.
Version 1.2 of Routino was released on 21st October 2009.
Version 1.3 of Routino was released on 21st January 2010.
Version 1.4 of Routino was released on 31st May 2010.
Version 1.4.1 of Routino was released on 10th July 2010.
Version 1.5 of Routino was released on 30th October 2010.
Version 1.5.1 of Routino was released on 13th November 2010.
Version 2.0 of Routino was released on 30th May 2011.
Version 2.0.1 of Routino was released on 7th June 2011.
Version 2.0.2 of Routino was released on 26th June 2011.
Version 2.0.3 of Routino was released on 4th August 2011.
Version 2.1 of Routino was released on 3rd October 2011.
Version 2.1.1 of Routino was released on 23rd October 2011.
Version 2.1.2 of Routino was released on 12th November 2011.
Version 2.2 of Routino was released on 3rd March 2012.
Version 2.3 of Routino was released on 21st July 2012.
Version 2.3.1 of Routino was released on 11th August 2012.
Version 2.3.2 of Routino was released on 6th October 2012.
Version 2.4 of Routino was released on 8th December 2012.
Version 2.4.1 of Routino was released on 17th December 2012.
Version 2.5 of Routino was released on 9th February 2013.
Version 2.5.1 of Routino was released on 20th April 2013.
Version 2.6 of Routino was released on 6th July 2013.
Version 2.7 of Routino was released on 22nd March 2014.
Version 2.7.1 of Routino was released on 17th May 2014.
Version 2.7.2 of Routino was released on 26th June 2014.
Version 2.7.3 of Routino was released on 8th November 2014.
Version 3.0 of Routino was released on 12th September 2015.

The full version history is available in the NEWS file.

Changes in Versions 3.0

Version 3.0 - Windows compilation and library providing routing API.
Bug fixes:
Use a single definition of MAX_SEG_PER_NODE to avoid confusion.
Fix bug with built-in translation strings if no XML translations available.
Fix bug with makefiles related to creating new translations.
Remove some pthread code that was still there when compiling without pthreads.
Fix a use-after-free memory error and use of uninitialised allocated memory.
Ensure that allocated strings are long enough for temporary filenames.
Add a '--version' option to all of the programs.
Source Code:
Various C language cleanups including using '-pedantic' compiler option.
Various changes to allow compiling with Microsoft Visual Studio C compiler.
Various changes to allow compiling with MinGW or Cygwin on Microsoft Windows.
Makefile updates: 'make clean' = release, 'make distclean' = SVN repository.
Create a library API that can perform routing functions.
OSM tagging:
Remove cycle_barrier and bicycle_barrier since they do not block bicycles.
Updated Dutch and German translations.
Added Hungarian and Polish translations provided through translation web page.
Add meta tags to HTML to help mobile devices, tidy up the CSS.
Create instructions for compiling on Microsoft Windows.
Create API description for Routino library usage.
Web pages:
Allow drag-and-drop of waypoints within the list and onto the map.

Note: This version is compatible with databases from version 2.7.1 - 2.7.3.


This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

It is important to note that for this program I have decided to use the Affero GPLv3 instead of just using the GPL. This license adds additional requirements to anybody who provides a networked service using this software.


Routino is copyright Andrew M. Bishop 2008-2015.


The Routino homepage has the latest news about the program.


The download directory contains the latest version of the source code.


The source code can also be downloaded from the Subversion repository with a command like the following:
svn co routino

The source code can also be browsed in the Subversion viewer which also has a list of the latest changes.